FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE (Bentuk akan datang sedang berlangsung)

Future Continuous Tense

FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
(Bentuk akan datang sedang berlangsung)
A.    Penggunaan
Untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa atau kejadian yang akan sedang berlangsung di waktu tertentu (specified time) di masa mendatang.
B.     Keterangan waktu
  1. at the same time …
-          tomorrow
-          next Friday
  1. at this time …
-          next month
-          next week
  1. at … o’clock tomorrow
  2. at … o’clock next …
  3. by this time …
-          tomorrow
C.    Susunan kalimat
  1. Positive (+)
Subject + will/shall + be + V ing
Subject
shall/will
be
Verb ing
Object
I
Shall
be
writing
a story
You
buying
a shirt
We
will
cleaning
the room
They
playing
tennis
He
going
to school
She
giving
a present
It
swimming
very fast
  1. Negative (-)
(-) Subject + will/shall + not + be + V ing
Subject
shall/will
not
be
Verb ing
Object
I
Shall
not
be
writing
a story
You
buying
a shirt
We
will
cleaning
the room
They
playing
tennis
He
going
to school
She
giving
a present
It
swimming
very fast
  1. Interrogative (?)
(?) Will/shall + Subject + be + V ing ?
shall/will
Subject
be
Verb ing
Object
Shall/will
I
be
writing
a story?
You
buying
a shirt?
will
We
cleaning
the room?
They
playing
tennis?
He
going
to school?
She
giving
a present?
It
swimming
very fast?

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Future Continuous Tense

will be singing

How do we make the Future Continuous Tense?

The structure of the future continuous tense is:
subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb BE+main verb

invariable
invariable
present participle
willbebase + ing
For negative sentences in the future continuous tense, we insert not between will and be. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and will. Look at these example sentences with the future continuous tense:

subjectauxiliary verb
auxiliary verbmain verb
+Iwill
beworkingat 10am.
+Youwill
belyingon a beach tomorrow.
-Shewillnotbeusingthe car.
-Wewillnotbehavingdinner at home.
?Willyou
beplayingfootball?
?Willthey
bewatchingTV?
When we use the future continuous tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and will:
I willI'll
you willyou'll
he will
she will
it will
he'll
she'll
it'll
we willwe'll
they willthey'll
For spoken negative sentences in the future continuous tense, we contract with won't, like this:
I will notI won't
you will notyou won't
he will not
she will not
it will not
he won't
she won't
it won't
we will notwe won't
they will notthey won't
  
We sometimes use shall instead of will, especially for I and we.

How do we use the Future Continuous Tense?

The future continuous tense expresses action at a particular moment in the future. The action will start before that moment but it will not have finished at that moment. For example, tomorrow I will start work at 2pm and stop work at 6pm:
At 4pm tomorrow, I will be working.
pastpresentfuture

4pm


At 4pm, I will be in the middle of working.
When we use the future continuous tense, our listener usually knows or understands what time we are talking about. Look at these examples:
  • will be playing tennis at 10am tomorrow.
  • They won't be watching TV at 9pm tonight.
  • What will you be doing at 10pm tonight?
  • What will you be doing when I arrive?
  • She will not be sleeping when you telephone her.
  • We'll be having dinner when the film starts.
  • Take your umbrella. It will be raining when you return.

Using the present continuous for the future


The future continuous tense is the present continuous tense recycled. It is often used to ask about and discuss future arrangements or plans with just the addition of a future time, but you only use it when these arrangements are certain.
For example:
Q) What are you doing next week?" A) "I'm working."
Q) What's he doing tomorrow?" A) "He's playing tennis."
The present continuous tense is also used to talk about and make future appointments and arrangements using the words go or come....
For example:
Q) When are you coming to see me?" A) "Next week."
Q) What are you doing tomorrow?" A) "I'm going to the dentist." 
...and using verbs of arrival and departure.
"We're arriving in London at 2.30."
"The train leaving from platform one is the 2.45 to Edinburgh." 

The Future Continuous (will be doing)


The use of 'will be doing' in a sentence is often referred to as the future continuous. It is used to talk about activities that will be happening at a particular time or over a particular time in the future.
For example:
Next week we will be having a party. Can you come?
You can also use it (or the present continuous form) to talk about future plans. 
For example:
We will be leaving here at 7.30pm

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